Course Title Forensic Biochemistry
Course Level 400
Credit Unit 2

This lecture-based course will introduce students to the biological aspects of forensic evidence including biochemical and physical attributes of blood, semen, urine, saliva, vaginal fluid and other body fluids. Common methods of body fluid identification in forensic laboratories will be discussed at length. It will also expose students to the biochemical basis of forensic verdict; instrumental techniques in Forensic Biochemistry; proper collection, preservation, identification and analysis of different forensic specimens; genetics at the molecular level for crime investigation: DNA Fingerprinting (nuclear, mitochondria) and processes of preparation of  DNA fingerprint from biological samples containing nucleated cells essential for forensic genetic profiling; protein profiling of materials with specific examples. In addition, this course will provide the students with information on detection of biochemical substances of forensic interest in food and drugs (adulteration) and on different methods of analysing commonly abused illicit substances such marijuana, cocaine, opiates, hallucinogens, amphetamines and novel psychoactive substances; Finally, students will be taught about other physical evidence in forensics science such Fingerprints, firearms and ammunition, hair, fibres, bones, glass fragments, impression, splash patterns, fire and paint etc; other specialization in forensic science such as Forensic pathology, forensic entomology , forensic anthropology etc., Regulatory agencies and Forensic Biochemistry – SON, NAFDAC,  NDLEA etc. and career as forensic Biochemist.


On completion of the course the students shall be able to: 

  1. Identify, collect, preserve and analyse forensic specimen from crime scene

  2.  Understand the biochemical bases of  forensic verdict

  3. Describe  instrumental techniques in Forensic Biochemistry laboratory

  4. Explain biological aspects of forensic specimens and common methods of body fluid identification in forensic laboratories. 

  5. Identify biological samples containing nucleated cells essential for forensic genetic profiling; describe the process of DNA Fingerprinting and interpret DNA Fingerprinting results.

  6. Explain different methods for detection of adulteration in foods and drugs

  7. analyse  most commonly abused illicit substances  in blood sample 

  8. Analyse data obtained from forensic analysis

  9. identify  agencies and organization where Forensic Biochemists are relevant